Metal fabrication is usually very common in industries that involve manufacturing as well as construction. During metal fabrication, raw materials are simply converted into processed products that are utilized in construction of bridges, machines as well as buildings. Most manufacturers prefer using structural steel during fabrication because it has good qualities such as durability, flexibility as well as being tensile. During steel fabrication, steel sections are made using various fabrication processes. The various fabrication processes involved in steel fabrication include shearing, welding, machining, punching, stamping, cutting as well as folding. During metal fabrication, the first stage is cutting. Here, a saw, plasma torch, water jet and lasers are used to cut steel. Other cutting techniques used include chiseling, numerical control as well as shearing.
Press brake is used during folding. Folding or bending of steel is important in order to make certain steel sections. Folding helps to air-bend a sheet of metal into the desired form for ease of use. The press brake used has a set of dies that pinch the metal sheet in order to form a crease. The next process is machining whereby unwanted materials on the metal are removed in order for the designer to acquire a particular shape. One can either choose to rotate the metal against a cutting tool or use a rotating cutting tool on a stationary metal piece during machining.
A punch press is used to punch a piece of metal in order to create a hole in it during punching. In order for one to get the perfect hole shape, the die and punch need to be of the same shape. Shearing, also referred to as die cutting, is used in cutting straight lines onto a flat metal stock. During stamping, a portion of the metal sheet is raised when using a die. Welding involves two pieces of metal becoming attached in order to form a large structure or separate steel section. Metal designers use different techniques during welding which depend on the design of the metal structure and the metal itself.
Quality of steel is greatly improved through steel fabrication. This makes the steel more suitable for use especially in commercially designed buildings. Energy sector projects also make use of fabricated steel. Clients usually offer their specifications to metal designers in order to get their desired metal. Fabricated steel is preferred by most clients since it is cheaper unlike other alternatives. Structural steel fabrication is a very cost effective process which is why it is preferred by most clients.
Besides manufacturing and construction, structural steel is also used in sectors such as oil and gas, infrastructure and transport.